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Tactics of SAMBO Wrestling

Chapter 3

Enduring Pursuit to Clean Victory or Victory by Evident Advantage

2. Pursuing the Successful Ploy to Develop the Throw

Aim to develop and pursue the appropriate throw to overcome the opponent's opposition.

Finish the ploy with the aim to develop and pursue the throwing opportunity to erode the opponent's defenses.

When the SAMBist attempts to throw his opponent, his movements sometimes fail or meet the deliberately measured defense. This often halts the selected technique.

However, the opponent's measured defense can be countered by a powerful and varied throwing offense. In one occurrence, the opponent's defense may not adjust to a slight alteration in the SAMBist's position, so his lack of concentration may be exploited. This pursuit may be enough to attain the throw. In another occurrence, the opponent's defense causes the SAMBist to readjust his own position radically. In this situation, it is not advisable to conduct the throw. The strong transformation of the SAMBist's position and stance must be reworked to a position where there is a true opportunity to throw. This called pursuing the development of the throw.

By conducting a hold down that frustrates the opponent's efforts to move, the SAMBist can proceed to transition serially form one hold down to another. This may be enough to develop a scoring hold down. Pursuing the throwing effort in SAMBO wrestling often leads to a hold down. Familiarize with such situations and ploys for the appropriate techniques. In SAMBO, initiating the proper ploy depends on creating the next technique that is aptly oriented to the circumstance. It is well known that distinguished situational orientation requires study and familiarization. Therefore, it is suggested that SAMBists study adding pursuit into the throwing effort as a means to achieve the technique. To attain his concept, each SAMBist must succeed to develop the throwing effort that leads to the hold down (this must be incorporated into each SAMBist's basic system of ploys). Each SAMBist must pursue carefully and thoroughly.

Using Weight to Pursue the Throwing Effort

When throwing from standing, the SAMBist may sense that the opponent is about to lost his balance while he is still undertaking serious defensive measures to remain standing. The SAMBist may successfully exploit a throwing opportunity by using his own body weight. He does so by dropping down on one knee of a supporting leg, by dropping down on both knees, by squatting down, or by falling to one side or to the abdomen.

Pursuing a throw by dropping to one knee on a supporting leg may lead to a rear body drop, a front body drop, or a rear body drop with a grip on the outside of the opposite leg. Pursuing the throw by dropping down to both knees may lead to an inside clip, a double leg take down, or a shoulder throw. Falling to one side may create the opportunity to throw with side sweeps, front sweeps, winding throws (maki komi), hip throws, and front body drops.

As the SAMBist falls to his abdomen, he may find opportunities to conduct a rear reap or a rear sweep.

Pursue the Throw As the Opponent Strives to Improve his Base

To conduct any throw in a body to body position with the opponent, it is best to appear as if neither wrestler is powerful enough to beat the other. To open an opportunity to throw by overcoming the opponent's resistance, the SAMBist should manipulate his adversary into moving his supporting legs to what he believes is a "better" position.

For example, the opponent's effort to counter a rear sweep by pulling back on his supporting leg can be overcome by drawing an arc with the sweeping foot that moves ahead of the retreat of the opponent's supporting leg. A strong forward lean of the SAMBist's torso followed immediately by a quick back step on the SAMBist's supporting leg may lead to a front body drop.

Pursue Throws by Using the Powerful Lever

The overwhelming majority of throws stem from two strong targets: the lower body and the upper body. The lower attacks are influenced by attacking the legs by manipulating the torso or hands while the upper body attacks manipulate the torso and/or arms. These influences form the levers.

If the opponent opposes the throw, in order to overcome him, the SAMBist must alter the pattern of his arms to form the appropriate new levers. The proper grips to leverage the opponent can shift simultaneously or instantly to either lower or upper body attacks. If, for instance, the SAMBist attempts a hip throw form a weakened gripping position, he can shift to a low sweep with his shin, a sweeping hip throw, or a side sweep. In this case, the SAMBist needs an understanding of the application of his leverage to augment the power of his ploy.

To conduct a satisfactory sweeping throw, the SAMBist sometimes must appear to have an ineffective grip.

When the attacking grip is weakening, the SAMBist may continue to develop his throwing effort by shifting to the next appropriate grip to maintain his offensive series. For instance, he may shift from a belt grip behind the opponent's back to a grip to the opponent's neck and arm achieve a body drop or throw across the back.

Moving to a grip from the sleeve to the lapel over the clavicle may set up the rear body drop, rear reap, rear sweep, or rear knee sweep. Shifting from a reverse grip around the opponent's torso to a simple reverse grip opens up the successful side slip.

Moving from a simple or reverse elbow grip to a lock behind the opponent's back (under his arms) or under either armpit may transition to a body drop, hip throw, sweeping hip throw, or shin sweep.

Pursuing the Follow on Technique to Manufacture a Throw

Sometimes, an opponent's strong defense causes the SAMBist to deviate from his stance. This places the SAMBist in a situation where he cannot finish the throw that he initiated. Nevertheless, expert throwing skills and knowledge can easily turn aside such defensive measures. Follow on throws that are executed expertly are powerful but basic in nature without being obvious to the opponent. Instead, these techniques derive from the situation brought about by attempting the initial throw. Therefore, follow on techniques are a part of the manufacture of throws process.

Experienced SAMBists use many applications to manufacture throws while actively pursuing the opponent.

Manufacture the Throw from the Rear Body Drop

After gripping the opponent for a rear body drop, the SAMBist side steps to attack (in this instance, to the right) driving his leg backward into the opponent's leg. At the opponent's left leg, bend the knee, the SAMBist steps in place and turns him onward and backward.

Fig 10 Manufacture the Throw from the Rear Body Drop.

The SAMBist pulls strongly with left hand behind the bend in the opponent's left knee to pull the opponent back in on himself. This draws him to the left and upward to throw him on his back (Fig 10).

Manufacturing the Throw from the Throw Across the Arm (Fireman's Carry)

The SAMBist grips the opponent for the throw across the arm and side steps the hold (for example, to the right) to drive backward into the opponent's legs.

The SAMBist takes an outside grip on the opponent and drop steps his lead leg between both of the opponent's legs and drops onto to both of his knees. He uses his arms to pull the opponent's torso forward. It is important that while dropping to the knees that the SAMBist simultaneously pull with one arm and pull with the other to draw the opponent over him and to drop on his side.

Manufacturing the Throw from the Throw Across the Head (Tomoe-nage)

A basic situation in grips: the SAMBist is on his back beneath the standing opponent. The SAMBist draws him forward and pushes the opponent straight upward and over using his right foot to the opponent's abdomen.

The SAMBist does a lateral foot sweep with his left leg lifting the opponent's right leg to drop him over to his back. Another possibility is to do a left shin sweep inside the opponent's right shin to drop him to the left onto his back (Fig 11). If the opponent attempts to resist the throw across the head, the SAMBist plants his shoe sole to the opponent's torso and uses his hands to pull the opponent forward and off of his heels. He uses the right leg in the opponent's abdomen to throw the opponent forward and over on to his back.

Fig 11 The Throw Across the Head.

3.Achieving Ultimate Victory