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Tactics of SAMBO Wrestling

Chapter 2


Total Offense-- gain advantage over the opponent for the fast victory. There are basic methods for attack. Controlled wrestling forces the opponent into weaker positions that present opportunities to defeat the adversary. As a means to offense, the SAMBist applies excellent defensive measures, so that the liability for defeat rests solely with the opponent. If the opponent will not let the SAMBist win with mere defense, the SAMBist must take what opportunities come his way to best the adversary. Then, offense is the means to score points over the opponent.

Consequently, in most cases, it is evident that the formula dictated for controlled wrestling leading to fast victory necessitates pressing the attack on the adversary while using excellent gripping skills and maintaining excellent defense. Offense demands courage, determination, the spirit to win, and a belief in one's self. Of course, what works best for one SAMBist is not always what works best for another. A common denominator in offense is vigilant pursuit and pressure for victory over an adversary.

There are many physical and moral qualities needed to sustain aggressive and controlled offense. The SAMBist must be:

Controlled offensive wrestling requires excellent technical preparation coupled with strong physical and mental training.

Powerful offense must also apply all methods of good SAMBO wrestling.

Often, the SAMBist must exploit opportunities in secondary, follow-up techniques generated by an opponent's inability to counter entirely or correctly a previous or feinted attack. The SAMBist must be aware of and act on the distinct opportunities available in secondary offensive efforts. Surprise secondary attacks achieve victory when the adversary has committed recklessly to countering the original offensive gambit.

Distraction can force the opponent from maintaining his own active offense. Favorable outcomes derive from distraction if the opponent can be provoked into reacting to a feint or other ploy that sets up a powerful primary or secondary technique for the SAMBist. By appearing to launch one technique while intending to use another, the adversary may be forced into committing himself strongly but inappropriately, so that he is both momentarily unprotected and unprepared to defend himself against an alert and ready SAMBist.

Always strive to find the advantage in the moment and the situation that exposes the flaws in the adversary's SAMBO wrestling. If the opponent finds himself in an unstable position, he must yield or be distracted from his controlled wrestling plan. Either case is unprofitable defensively and offensively. By necessity, the adversary must do something immediately or risk defeat. An experienced opponent is a wary fighter, and the SAMBist must seek out the ways to unbalance him-- to distract the opponent from implementing his own controlled wrestling.

In deceptive offense, the SAMBist must determine correctly what the best method to unbalance the opponent is. This is based on both wrestlers' physiques, physical skills, and technical abilities.

When ready to attack, the SAMBist must take into account distance, direction, stamina, and wrestling skills of the adversary before deciding on the best moment and opportunity for the attack. After this need is met, the SAMBist must use similar analysis to determine the proper ploy and technique for inflicting defeat on the opponent. He must devise the most expedient means to break through the adversary's defensive wrestling grips and techniques.

As part of this analysis, the SAMBist determines from the vast array of SAMBO's arsenal of techniques, the exact technique (or series of techniques) most applicable to the offensive requirements. This is the way to go to war: carry the attack to the opponent; break down and through his defenses; open him up for the moment of his defeat; and at the right time, attack with the technique dictated by the situation. Lastly, the technique strikes accurately and effectively because it was based on expert training and preparation.

Gripping as a Part of Offense